“In architecture of St.-Petersburg “the Egyptian style” is one of defining and the most mysterious attributes of a city on Neva, sphinxes from university quay became long ago one of the basic symbols of the city on a level with the Peter and Paul Fortress and Admiralty”.
Many years later, in 1918, Alexander Blok, the principal representative of Russian Symbolism, draws our attention to the riddle of the sphinxes, once again.
Yet strolling languidly to lethal brinks,
Yours is the ancient Oedipean mission
To seek to solve the riddles of a sphinx
The sphinx is Russia
(“The Scythians” 1918)
What if we ask ourselves why we find the Sphinxes under the changeable northern Petersburg sky, when they are so firmly connected in our minds exclusively with Egypt and its majestic pyramids?
The Alexandrian Pillar, the Sphinxes at the University Embankment, the Kunstkammer and other unique architectural masterpieces have become the city’s symbols. Let us not forget that St. Petersburg is situated at 30° (30° 17′ 84) east longitude, the famous Pulkovo meridian (you my read more about the Pulkovo meridian in my previous blog post).
A few years ago, an American journalist, William Hart, wrote a very interesting article about this meridian, also known as the as the meridian of the Great Pyramid, “The Great Pyramid – Earth’s Natural Prime Meridian”. Click here to read it.
Hart’s articles explains that the Great Pyramid is the logical choice for the Prime Meridian, as it quickly demonstrates the fact that there is a precise geometry to some of the planet’s main, natural geographical and geological features. For example, Nile and the Mississippi are inverted mirror images of each other, and Lake Victoria (Africa) becomes the 0-0 navel of the planet. With the Yangtze River delta located on that same latitude, we have three great rivers, of the northern hemisphere, all flowing into the sea on the same latitude.
Hart states that scientists, at the very least, ought to be using maps with the Great Pyramid (Pulkovo meridian) as the prime meridian to rectify the seemingly irregular and random positioning of these major rivers (geographical features).
In his article he raises valid questions such as, how could random geological processes create this type of exact geometry on a planetary scale? Why did the earliest pyramid-building civilizations establish themselves at or near the deltas of these great (30 N) rivers? Hart explains that historians have never seriously questioned this choice, preferring to argue that it was the most logical one.
Returning to the mystery of the Sphinxes of St. Petersburg, we may recall the Sphinx at the pyramids on the Giza plateau, as well as the Sphinxes at the Pompey’s Pillar in Alexandria. Interestingly, they are all located on the same 30° meridian, the meridian of the Great Pyramid, very well known in St. Petersburg as the Pulkovo meridian. Perhaps it was about this meridian that another remarkable Russian poet, diplomat, Corresponding Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences, secret adviser, educated man of his time Feodor Ivanovich Tyutchev, wrote in his poem “Russian Geography” (1848).
Moscow and Peter’s city, and Constantin’s City
These are the cherished capitals of the Russian Kingdom
But where are their borders, and where their boundaries?
To the North, the East, the South, and the Sunset?
The fate of times to come will reveal them
Seven domestic oceans, and seven great rivers
From the Nile to the Neva river
From the Elbe river to China
From Volga to Euphrates, From Ganges to Danube
Thus lies the Russian Kingdom, and shall never pass away
As the spirit saw and Daniel prophesied.